Only an hour drive from Prague you will visit one of the most northern wine regions in Europe. Although the smallest wine region of the Czech Republic, Bohemia boasts an interesting history. The first vines were planted during the reign of the famous Emperor Charles IV in the 14th century, when Prague was the royal residence of the region. Moreover, it offers sumptuous castles with exquisitely furnished apartments. Vineyards are usually spread over protected southern slopes near main rivers – the Vltava, the Elbe, the Ohře and the Berounka. Some of the wine cellars were built by the Cistercian Order, which founded the vineyards in Žernoseky in 1251.